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Profession
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Gardener (m/f)
German: Gärtner/in

Fields of work

Gardeners specialising in arboriculture mainly work in tree nurseries. In the public sector, they work in horticultural and plant protection offices and at teaching and testing institutes.

Gardeners specialising in cemetery gardening work at cemeteries, at horticultural establishments in other branches and at cemetery offices and authorities.

Gardeners specialising in horticulture and landscape gardening work for specialist horticultural and landscaping companies.

Gardeners specialising in fruit growing work in the field of horticulture for fruit production companies. They also find employment opportunities in horticultural and plant protection offices and at teaching and testing institutes.

Gardeners specialising in the culture of herbaceous plants in the field of horticulture for herbaceous plant production companies. They also find employment opportunities in retail companies within the horticultural sector (e.g. garden centres), in horticultural and plant protection offices and at teaching and testing institutes.

Gardeners specialising in ornamental plant culture work in ornamental plant culture companies on the production side or else in gardening retail outlets in the field of "advice and sales". In the public sector, they work in municipal gardens, in horticultural and plant protection offices and at teaching and testing institutes.


Professional experience

In the subject/discipline of arboriculture

  • Establish tree nursery quarters and areas for container-grown crops
  • Propagate and raise young plants
  • Carry out appropriate production procedures for the crop in question
  • Clear, sort, label and store types of wood
  • Market types of wood
  • Advise customers
  • Carry out tasks independently whilst according due consideration to the protection of nature and the environment
  • Accord due consideration to health and safety at work and to health protection in the workplace
  • Record and evaluate operational procedures and business correlations
  • Use and maintain machinery, tools and works equipment
  • Work and tend the soil
  • Use and store different types of earth and substrates
  • Use plants and plant products according due consideration to requirements, quality standards and cost effectiveness
  • Deploy and use cultivation areas and equipment

In the subject/discipline of cemetery gardening

  • Propagate and raise plants
  • Lay out, tend and renew graves, accord due consideration to cemetery law and cemetery regulations
  • Prepare mourning bands and funeral decorations
  • Sell plants and mourning accessories
  • Advise customers
  • Carry out tasks independently whilst according due consideration to the protection of nature and the environment
  • Accord due consideration to health and safety at work and to health protection in the workplace
  • Record and evaluate operational procedures and business correlations
  • Use and maintain machinery, tools and works equipment
  • Work and tend the soil
  • Use and store different types of earth and substrates
  • Use plants and plant products according due consideration to requirements, quality standards and cost effectiveness
  • Deploy and use cultivation areas and equipment

In the subject/discipline of horticulture and landscape gardening

  • Prepare, set up and operate building sites
  • Carry out excavation, irrigation and drainage works
  • Carry out land stabilization works
  • Carry out exterior building works, e.g. walls, steps, ponds, fencing, noise protection walls, sports and games facilities
  • Carry out technical procedures relevant to plantings
  • Carry out tasks independently whilst according due consideration to the protection of nature and the environment
  • Accord due consideration to health and safety at work and to health protection in the workplace
  • Record and evaluate operational procedures and business correlations
  • Use and maintain machinery, tools and works equipment
  • Work and tend the soil
  • Use and store different types of earth and substrates
  • Use plants and plant products according due consideration to requirements, quality standards and cost effectiveness

In the subject/discipline of fruit growing

  • Lay out fruit orchards
  • Implement various production procedures, produce various types of fruit
  • Harvest, prepare and store fruit
  • Market fruit
  • Inform customers
  • Carry out tasks independently whilst according due consideration to the protection of nature and the environment
  • Accord due consideration to health and safety at work and to health protection in the workplace
  • Record and evaluate operational procedures and business correlations
  • Use and maintain machinery, tools and works equipment
  • Work and tend the soil
  • Use and store different types of earth and substrates
  • Use plants and plant products according due consideration to requirements, quality standards and cost effectiveness

In the subject/discipline of culture of herbaceous plants

  • Propagate and raise young herbaceous plants
  • Implement various cultivation processes and use cultivation systems
  • Cultivate herbaceous plants for different uses
  • Select and prepare herbaceous plants
  • Market herbaceous plants
  • Advise customers
  • Carry out tasks independently whilst according due consideration to the protection of nature and the environment
  • Accord due consideration to health and safety at work and to health protection in the workplace
  • Record and evaluate operational procedures and business correlations
  • Use and maintain machinery, tools and works equipment
  • Work and tend the soil
  • Use and store different types of earth and substrates
  • Use plants and plant products according due consideration to requirements, quality standards and cost effectiveness
  • Deploy and use cultivation areas and equipment

In the subject/discipline of ornamental plant culture

  • Propagate and raise young plants
  • Implement various cultivation processes and use cultivation systems
  • Cultivate and tend ornamental plants
  • Harvest, prepare and store ornamental plants
  • Market ornamental plants
  • Advise customers
  • Carry out tasks independently whilst according due consideration to the protection of nature and the environment
  • Accord due consideration to health and safety at work and to health protection in the workplace
  • Record and evaluate operational procedures and business correlations
  • Use and maintain machinery, tools and works equipment
  • Work and tend the soil
  • Use and store different types of earth and substrates
  • Use plants and plant products according due consideration to requirements, quality standards and cost effectiveness
  • Deploy and use cultivation areas and equipment



The occupational profiles are based on information from BERUFENET and BIBB.